The Piqua Shawnee tribe is indigenous to north America and also a Algonquian-speaking tribe. The native Americans during the colonial times became a semi-migratory nation. They mainly occupied Ohio valley that extends to Ohio and Kentucky to the east which stretches to Virginia, west Virginia, Pennsylvania and western Maryland that leads to south of Carolina and Alabama and Illinois in the united states and west Indiana.
The Shawnee were pushed west by the European-American pressure which made them move to Missouri and Kansas while others were removed to Oklahoma the Indian territory and driven west of the Mississippi river in the 1830s.
When the civil war was taking part in history it caused some of tribes not to remove themselves to Oklahoma. The Shawnee tribe is made up of different kingship and historical groups, up to date only three federally recognized Shawnee tribes are found with all the headquarters in Oklahoma which are the absentee-Shawnee tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, Shawnee tribe and Eastern Shawnee tribe of Oklahoma.
Having not coming into contact with the Europeans, a patrilineal system was used by the Piqua Shawnee tribe, where by, the inheritance and descent went through parental lines. Their government was called Sachema because it was ruled by kings and that succession was how to take reign and it was to be from the mothers side. For instance, the children of the reigning king will not take up the mantle of being king, the mantle will go to his brother or if not to his sisters children, for the cannot be a female ruler.
They have such rules in their government because they do not want their issue become spurious. The Piqua Shawnee tribe has five divisions which are Chillicothe, Hathawekela, Kispoko, Mekoche and Pekoni. The Shawnee tribe is divided into six clans according to its kingship in addition to the five septs. Every clan had a purpose in the overall confederacy and showed spiritual value. Each Shawnee had a name or clan and the five divisions of the Shawnee tribe and the six clans are common with one another.
Kkahkileewomsoomi that represents the aquatic life, Peteo0iteewomhsoomi that represents carnivorous animal, Pellewomhsoomi that represents bird life, Mseewiwomhsoomi which represents the herbivorous animal,Patekinee0iiwomhsooni which represents the peaceful and gentle nature are the six name groups or clans and the 0epatiiwomhsooni that represents animals that have paws and can rip or tear flesh.
Every division had a primary village where the chief of the division lived and it was named after the division. There were specific roles played by the Piqua Shawnee clans and divisions for the entire tribe.
As the Europeans started putting down the records about the Shawnee tribe, their social traditions had already started to fade.